Basic Commands In Linux Mint 12

Basic command text-based operating system (CLI). Usually that is often used is Linux Ubuntu compared to existing ubuntu linux distro that is easier to use the name of Linux Mint, Linux Mint is very easy to use and suitable for beginners who want migration to Linux. In linux there are several default Windows software that can be installed in linux mint it. already was rotten bases immediately wrote ya Command.

Basic Commands In Linux Mint 12:

adduser = Add users to the system
addgroup = Add group to the system
Create an alias alias =
apropos = Search Help manual page (man-k)
apt-get = Search and install software packages (Debian)
Aspell = Spellchecker
awk = Search and Replace text, database sort / validate / index
basename = Strip directory and suffix from filenames
bash = GNU Bourne-Again Shell
break = Exit from a loop
Run a shell builtin = builtin
Compress or decompress bzip2 = file name (s)
cal = Show calendar
case = conditionally perform command
cat = Displays the contents of the file
cd = Change-Directory
cfdisk = partition table manipulator for Linux
= chgrp Change group ownership
chmod = Change access permissions
chown = Change file owner and group
chroot = Run command with a different root directory
chkconfig = System services (runlevel)
cksum = Print CRC checksum and byte count
clear = Clear screen terminal
cmp = Compares two files
comm = Compare two sorted files line by line
command = Run command - ignoring shell functions
continue = Resume the next iteration of a loop
cp = Copy one or more files to another location
crontab = Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit = Split files into context - determined pieces
cut = splits files into several sections
date = Display or change the date & time
dc = Desk Calculator
dd = Convert and copy a file, write the header disk, boot record
ddrescue = Tool to improve data
declare = Declare variables and give them attributes
df = View disk space
diff = Display the differences between two files
diff3 = Show differences among three files
dig = DNS lookup
dir = List directory contents brief
dircolors = Colour setup for `ls'
dirname = Convert all pathname to some path
dirs = Show the list of directories to remember
dmesg = Print kernel messages and drivers
du = Estimate file space usage
echo = Display message on screen
egrep = Search the file for the line that corresponds to the expression of an extended
eject = Eject removable media
enable = Enable and disable builtin shell commands
env = Environment variables
ethtool = Ethernet card settings
eval = Evaluate several commands / arguments
exec = Run command
exit = Exit from the shell
expect = automates application freely accessible via the terminal
expand = Convert tabs to spaces
export = Set the environment variable
Evaluate expression expr =
false = Do not do anything, did not succeed
fdformat = Low-level format a floppy disk
= fdisk partition table manipulator for Linux
fg = Send the job to the foreground
file = Specify file types
find = Find files that meet the desired criteria
format = format disks or tapes
free = Display memory usage
fsck = Check and repair the file system consistency
FTP = File Transfer Protocol
function = Specify the macro function
fuser = Identification / disconnect process is accessing the file
gawk = Search and Replace text in files
getopts = Describes the parameters according to the position
group = Print the name of the user group
Compress or decompress gzip = filename
hash = Considering the entire pathname of a name argument
head = Output the first part of the file
help = Show support for built-in commands
history = Command history
hostname = Print or set system name
id = Print user and group id
if = perform conditional commands
ifconfig = Configure the network interface
ifdown = Stopping network interface
ifup = Starting up a network interface
import = Capturing the X server screen and save an image to a file
install = Copy files and set attributes
join = join a line on a common field
kill = Lay running processes
killall = Lay process by name
less = Display output one screen at a time
ln = Creating relationships between files
local = Creating a variable
locate = Search files
LOGNAME = Print login name
logout = Exit a login shell
look = Display lines that start with a particular string
lpc = Control Program printer path
lpr = Off line print
lprint = Print File / Print files
lprintd = Abort print job
lprintq = List the print queue
= lprm Remove jobs from the print queue
ls = List information about file
= lsof List open files
Rebuilding make = A group of programs
man = Help manual
mkdir = Create a new folder
mknod = Make block or character special files
more = Display output one screen at a time
mount = Mount file system
mtools = Manipulate MS-DOS files
mv = Move or rename a file or directory
mmv = mass Move and rename (file)
netstat = Information Network
nice = Set the priority of a command or job
nl = Number lines and write files
nslookup = Query Internet calling interactive server
open = open the file in the default application
op = Operator access
passwd Modify a user password
paste = Combine line of file
ping = Test a network connection
pkill = terminate running processes
popd = Returns the previous value of the current directory
pr = Prepare files for printing / print
printcap = printer capabilities Database
= printenv Print environment variables
printf = Format and print data
ps = Status Process
pushd = Save and then change the current directory
pwd = print working directory
quota = Repulse disk usage and limit
quotacheck = Examining the file system for disk usage
quotactl = Set disk quotas
= ram ram disk device
rcp = Copy files between the two machines
read = Reading lines from standard input
readarray = Read from stdin to an array variable
readonly = Marking variables / functions as readonly
reboot = Reboot the system
rename = Rename files
renice = Change the priority of running processes
remsync = Synchronize remote files via email
return = Exit shell functions
rev = Reversing line from a file
rm = Deleting files
rmdir = Remove folders
rsync = Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)
screen = Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
= scp Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff = Merge two files interactively
sed = Stream Editor
select = Accept keyboard input
seq = Print numeric sequence
set = Manipulate shell variables and functions
sftp = Secure File Transfer Program
Shift = Shift positional parameters
shopt shell = Option
shutdown = Shutdown or restart linux
sleep = Delay / delay for a certain period
slocate = Search files
sort = Sort text files
source = Run command from the file `."
split = Split a file into fixed-cut
ssh = Secure Shell client (remote login program)
su = Substitute user identity
sudo = Run commands as another user
sum = Print a checksum for the file
symlinks = Make a new name for the file
sync = Synchronize data on disk with memory
tail = Output the last part of files
tar = Tape Archiver
tee = Redirect output to multiple files
test = Evaluation of the conditional expression
time = Measure Program running time
times = user and system time
tr = Translate, squeeze, and / or delete characters
type = explain command
ulimit = Limit user resources (resources)
umask = The user creates a hidden file
umount = Unmount (not up) device
unalias = Remove alias
uname = Information print system
unexpand = Convert spaces to tabs
unit = Convert units from one scale to another
unset = Remove variable or function name
unshar = Unpack shell archive records
until = Execute command (until error)
useradd = Create a new user account
usermod = Modify user account
users = The list of users currently logged in
uuencode = Encode binary file
uudecode = Decode a file created by uuencode
v = List directory contents verbosely (`ls-l-b ')
vdir = verbosely list directory contents (`ls-lb ')
vmstat = Reports virtual memory statistics
watch = Execute / display a program periodically
wc = Print byte, word, and line counting
Search user whereis = $ path, man pages and source files for the program
while = Run command
WHO = Print all usernames are currently logged in
whoami = Print the current user id and name (`id-un ')
wget = Take a web page or a file via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
write = Sending messages to other users
yes = Print a string until at interrupt
ls = to see a list of directories
ls -l = to see a complete list of directories
ls -a = to see a list of directories as well as its hidden files
pwd = see our current working directory
cp = copy files
mv = move files or rename files
rm = delete files
mkdir = make directory
rmdir = remove directory
df -h = see the rest of the hard drive capacity
du -h = see disk usage percentage for the file or directory
clear = clear the screen at the terminal
hostname = displays the computer name